Head - technical drawing

technical drawing
General
  • Draw the head from en face and profile perspective.
  • On a traditional puppet the chin and eyes are made from one piece of wood. They are usually only separated on puppets with a special specific movement.
  • The proportion of the head to the body is different from that of a human body. The head of the puppet is larger and usually the proportion is 1:4 or 1:5 (on a person it is 1:7).
  • The shape of the head should be compact so it does not catch on strings.

Wire

technical drawing
  • The head and the neck are one piece.
  • No matter what the shape of the ead is, the cetnral line must always be in the center of the neck.
  • The hole inside head for leather going into neck is at an angle. It is not vertical. The head is little bit in front of the body.
  • Horns hats, ears, etc. should not be too far to the side but should go more upwards and towards the back so they do not get in the way of strings.
  • The wire goes through the head and neck and into the body.
  • The hole for the wire is slightly in front of the center line (about 5 mm) and goes all the way through the head and neck. It extends down into body about 7 cm and it hooks back up into the neck, where it is fastened.
  • The wire for a puppet that is 50 cm high should be at least 5 mm thick.
  • The head can have a moving mouth, connected from inside.
wire puppet wire puppet
wire puppet wire puppet

Strings 1

technical drawing
  • The head and the neck are NOT one piece.
  • Draw the head from the profile in it's actual position in front of the body and it is outside the main central line of the body.
  • Horns, hats, ears, etc should not be on the side, but more upwards and torwards the back so they do not get in the way of the strings. A marionette on strings is more likely to get its strings caught than a wire puppet.
  • The leather goes through the neck and into the body in a hole and into the hole in the head.
  • There must be a distance of 1 - 1.5 cm between the head and the neck so they can move independently.
  • There must be a distance of 1 - 1.5 cm between the neck and the body.
  • The hole in head and in body should be about 3 - 5 cm deep for a 50 cm puppet.
  • The leather going through the neck is right on the center line.
  • The neck and body is fastened in place by a nail.
  • The leather in the head is fastened with glue.
  • The leather connecting the head, neck and body for a puppet that is 50 cm high should be 4 - 5 mm thick.
string puppet string puppet

Strings 2

technical drawing

The head and neck are one piece. This solution is good for a puppet on strings with a moving mouth (chin moves inside the head). The connection of the neck and body is the same as a puppet on string (above).